FEBRUARY WEEK 2
FIRE SAFETY FOR CHILDREN
Below are some facts about children and fire safety. Teach your children the
importance of fire-safe habits, and practice a home fire escape plan with them
Curious Kids Set Fires
· Children 14 and under make up 10-15% of all fire deaths.
· 52% of all child fire deaths involve those under 5. These children are usually unable to escape from a fire independently.
· At home, children often play with fire in bedrooms, in closets and under beds to avoid detection. These locations just so happen to contain a lot of flammable materials.
· Too often, child fire setters are not given proper guidance and supervision by parents and teachers. Consequently, they repeat their fire-setting behavior.
Check Your Smoke Alarms
· Working smoke alarms save lives, cutting the risk of dying in a home fire in half.
Smoke alarms should be installed and maintained in every home. · Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room, outside each separate sleeping
area, and on every level of the home, including the basement.
· Test smoke alarms at least once a month using the test button
· For smoke alarms that don’t have non-replaceable (long-life) batteries,
replace batteries at least once a year. If the alarm chirps, replace only the battery.
· Replace all smoke alarms when they are 10 years old.
Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan
· Make a home escape plan. Draw a map of each level of the home. Show all doors and windows. Go to each room and point to the two ways out. Practice the plan with everyone in your household, including visitors.
· Have an outside meeting place (something permanent, like a tree, light pole, or mailbox) a safe distance in front of the home where firefighters will easily find you.
· Know at least two ways out of every room, if possible. Make sure all doors and windows that lead outside
open. A closed door may slow the spread of smoke, heat, and fire.
· Children, older adults, and people with disabilities may need assistance to wake up and get out. Make sure that someone will help them.
· Teach your children how to escape on their own in case you cannot help them. Make sure they can open windows, remove screens, and unlock doors.
· Push the smoke alarm button to start the drill.
· Practice what to do in case there is smoke. Get low and go. Get out fast.
· Before opening a door, feel the doorknob and then the door. If either is hot, leave the
door closed and use your second way out.
· If there is smoke coming around the door,leave the door closed and use your second
· If you open a door, open it in a slow manner. Be ready to shut it if heavy smoke or fire is present.
· Practice using different ways out.
· Close doors behind you as you leave.
· Get out and stay out. Never go back inside for people, pets, or things.
· Go to your outside meeting place.
· Practice your home fire escape drill at least twice a year with everyone in your home. Practice at night
· and during the daytime.
· After you have practiced your home fire escape drill, evaluate it and discuss what worked and what needs to be improved. Improve it and practice again.
Keep Flammable Materials in Safe Areas
· Have a 3-foot “kid-free zone” around open fires, stoves, and space heaters.
· Turn space heaters off when you go to bed or leave the room.
· If using gasoline-powered devices, store gasoline in a locked location where children cannot access it. Keep only small quantities in an approved container that has child safety features.
Don’t Over Plug
· Appliances should be plugged directly into a wall outlet. Never use an extension cord with a major
appliance—it can easily overheat and start a fire.
· Extension cords are for temporary use only. Have a qualified electrician determine if additional circuits or
wall outlets are needed.
Stay Focused Around the Kitchen
· The leading cause of fires in the kitchen is unattended cooking. Stay in the kitchen when you are frying,
boiling, grilling, or broiling food.
· Have a “kid-free zone” of at least 3 feet around the stove and areas where hot food or drink is prepared or carried.
· Keep anything that can catch fire–oven mitts, wooden utensils, food packaging, towels, curtains–away from your stove-top.
· Never hold a child while you are cooking, drinking a hot liquid, or carrying hot foods or liquids.
· Keep anything that can catch fire, such as dish towels or wooden spoons, away from your stove-top.
· Always keep a lid nearby when you are cooking. If a small grease fire starts in a pan, smother the flames by sliding the lid over the pan. Turn off the burner. Do not move the pan. To keep the fire from restarting, leave the lid on until the pan has cooled.
Install Barriers Such as Safety Gates Around Fireplaces, Ovens and Furnaces
· Keep children and pets away from the outside vents. Have a “kid-free zone” of at least 3 feet away from the fireplace. Glass doors and screens can remain dangerously hot for
several hours after the fire goes out.
· Burn only dry, seasoned wood. Never burn trash in the fireplace. Not only is it cleaner
for the environment, it also creates less buildup in the chimney.
· Closely supervise young children around fireplaces and wood stoves and use safety
Blow Out Candles and Store Matches Out of Reach
· Keep candles at least 12 inches away from anything that can burn, and always blow them out when you leave the room or before you go to sleep.
· Keep matches, lighters, and novelty lighters high out of the reach of children, in a locked cabinet.
· Purchase and use only child resistant lighters.
· Lighters that look like toys can confuse children and cause fires, injuries, and death. Do not buy or use them.
· Teach young children to tell a grownup when they find matches or lighters and to never touch matches or lighters.
Information provided by the Fire Fatality Task Force, for more information click here CRR Guide