FEBRUARY WEEK 1
PREVENTING SCALDS AND BURNS
A scald injury can happen at any age. Children, older adults, and people with disabilities are especially at risk.
Hot liquids from bath water, hot coffee and even microwaved soup can cause devastating injuries. Scald
burns are the second leading cause of all burn injuries.
Preventing Scalds and Burns in the Kitchen
· Teach children that hot things burn.
· Place objects so they cannot be pulled down or knocked over.
· Turn pot handles away from the stove’s edge.
· Keep appliance cords coiled and away from counter edges.
· Keep hot foods and liquids away from table and counter edges.
· Use dry oven mitts or potholders. Hot cookware or tableware can heat
moisture in a potholder or hot pad, resulting in a scald burn.
· If you have young children in the home, cook on the stove’s back burners.
· When children are old enough, teach them to cook safely.
· Prepackaged microwavable soups are a frequent cause of scald burn injuries (especially noodle soups) because they can easily tip over, pouring hot liquid (and noodles) on the person.
Hot Tap Water and Scald Burns
· Set your water heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
· For bathing and showering, the temperature of the water should not exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
· If you do not install anti-scald devices on tub faucets and shower heads, adjust the thermostat setting on your water heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit. The lower the temperature lowers the risk of scalds and burns.
· If you lower the temperature setting on your water heater, you will need to test the temperature at the faucet. Allow water to run 3-5 minutes. Test the water with a meat, candy or cooking thermometer. If the water is hotter than 120 degree, adjust the temperature of the water heater and wait a full day to allow the temperature in the tank to adjust. Retest and readjust as needed.
· If children are in the home, do not leave the bathroom while the tub is filling.
· Before placing a child in the bath or getting into the
tub yourself, test the water.
· Fill the tub or sink by running cool water first and then adding hot water. Turn the hot water off first.Mix the water thoroughly and check the temperature by moving your hand, wrist, and forearm through the water. The water should feel warm, not hot, to the
· When bathing a young child, seat the child facing away from the faucets so the child cannot reach the faucet. Turn the faucet to the “COLD” position.
· Consider installing anti-scald devices on tub faucets and shower heads to prevent scalds. These devices reduce the water flow to a trickle as the water temperature nears 120 degrees. Anti-scald devices areavailable online and in some hardware stores.
Treatment of Burns
· Treat a burn right away by putting it in cool water. Cool the burn for 3 to 5 minutes. Cover with a clean, dry cloth. Do not apply creams, ointments, sprays, or other home remedies.
· Remove all clothing, diapers, jewelry, and metal from the burned area. These can hide underlying burns and retain heat, thereby increasing skin damage.
· Go to your local emergency room, call 9-1-1 or see your doctor if the burn is:
· On the face, hands, feet, major joints, or genital area, and/or bigger than the injured person’s palm.
· If the skin of the burn is white, tight, dry (leathery), or painless.
· Caused by chemicals or electricity.
· Causing difficulty breathing.
· See your doctor as soon as possible if the burn:
· Does not heal in 2-3 days
· Becomes foul smelling
· Develops thick, drainage, redness or swelling
· Causes a fever
· Results in a large blister, wet weepy wound and/or severe pain
Information provided by the Fire Fatality Task Force, for more information click here CRR Guide